I am excited that the editor of the American Journal of Political Science invited me and my co-authors Saurabh Pant and Beza Tesfaye to revise and resubmit our paper titled “Winning Hearts and Minds in Civil Wars: Governance, Leadership Change, and Support for Violence in Iraq“. This paper leverages original data from a national survey in Iraq and an unforeseen leadership transition while the survey was in the field to test the hearts-and-minds model of counterinsurgency. Specifically, the paper shows that the resignation of a divisive prime minister led Iraq’s displeased minorities to shift support away from the insurgency to the government. This realignment was due to rising optimism among minorities that the new government would provide basic services and public goods – specifically security, electricity, and jobs.